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Poland is moving away from fossil fuels, therefore low-emission alternative energy sources are urgently needed. Environmental experts from Metropolitan Area Gdańsk-Gdynia-Sopot have no doubts that the so-called green gases, including biomethane derived from organic waste, would play a key role in decarbonising the economy. The authors of the latest report of Forum Energii point to the need to develop a support system for green gases, both financially and in the form of legal regulations, as soon as possible.

From the Forum Energii’s analysis entitled “Green Gases. Biomethane and hydrogen in Poland” shows that by 2050, the demand for biomethane in the Polish economy may amount to 91 TWh, and for hydrogen, 129 TWh, representing 30% of the total demand for final Energy. Biomethane (bio-LNG) and hydrogen will primarily replace natural gas, coal and oil in those sectors of the economy where electrification is difficult to carry out. Green gases can therefore be used primarily in industry, district heating and power engineering.

– The sooner we start developing the potential of green gases, the higher the chances to avoid growing CO2 prices in industry and energy production and to create value chains and participate in the global trend of the low-carbon transformation – we read in the article on the Forum Energii report entitled Green Gases. Biomethane and hydrogen in Poland.

The development of new technologies is necessary for Poland to take advantage of the opportunity for new branches of economic development. Being aware of this, Metropolitan Area Gdańsk-Gdynia-Sopot, together with 7 partners from Poland, Germany and Lithuania, is implementing a project called Liquid Energy under the Interreg South Baltic Cross-Border Cooperation Program. The idea of the project is to present the possibilities offered by the use of liquefied biomethane for the production of clean electricity for the purposes of powering buildings, and as a source of propulsion for vehicles.

Read more about Liquid Energy project >>

The authors of the Forum Energii report emphasize that the government faces a huge challenge: the need to precisely identify the possibilities of using green gases in specific sectors of the economy.

“ It will be important to strategically identify where these gases will be indispensable and to plan the requisite long-term support: both financial aid and in the form of an appropriate regulatory environment.- we read in the article Green gasess. Biomethane and hydrogen in Poland. – The government should review strategic documents on the energy transition in Poland. Both the National Energy and Climate Plan 2021-2030 and the Energy Policy of Poland until 2040 or the Hydrogen Strategy should weigh the demand for green gases across the economy and assess the power demand, considering the potential need for green hydrogen production. It is equally important for the government to outline a development plan for zero-emission gases”.

Read more: The world’s first mobile micro (bio)-LNG refuelling station under construction

The portal also writes about the unused potential of biomethane as an alternative fuel and the need to introduce regulations at the EU and national level as soon as possible. “The Ministry of Climate and Environment has still not published a draft support system for biomethane, which is so important for the survival of the fuel sector,„ we read.

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